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干货|专升本英语必备句型

2020-05-05 14:49:50        来源:雷老师      308

      对于很多同学来说,英语是一门让人头疼的科目。不论自己怎么努力,考试的时候就是考得不理想。其实只要把基础弄明白,一切都会好起来的。今天小编整理了一些专升本英语中的必备句型,希望对同学们有所帮助。


一.简单句:

1. We come. 我们来了。(主谓vi.)

2. We come to the Peking University. 我们来到了北京大学。(主谓宾)

3. We like the Peking University. 我们喜欢北京大学。(主谓宾)

4. We ask the guard to open the gate for us. 我们叫这位保安给我们开门。(主谓宾宾补)

5. The guard gives us the entrance tickets. 保安给了我们一些入场券。(主谓双宾)

6. We are the judges. 我们是评委。(主系表)

7. There are so many nice programs in the party. 在这场晚会中有很多好看的节目。(There be句型:There be/vi. +主语+介短.)‍

 

二.并列句:

并列连词:and/but/or/not only...but also.../neither...nor...连接并列的完整简单句

1. and: Xie Na visited New York 3 years ago and she picked English up well .

2. but:  He Jiong is not tall but he is wise.

4. but:They are not only hosts but also they are good friends.

5. nor : He Jiong neither likes eating ice-cream nor he likes chocolate.‍

 

三.加分固定句型:

1.It is+ (for/of sb.)+adj./n.+to do sth.=It is+adj./n.+that引导的完整主语从句(sb. +do sth.). 对某人来说,做某事是怎样的。

2.=Sb. + find/feel/think/make/consider/see to + it + adj. + to do / that 引导的完整宾语从句(sb. +do sth.).

3.Eg1: It is important for us to learn English well.=It is important that we should learn English well. 对我们来说,学好英语是非常重要的。

4.=We think it important to learn English well.=We think it important that we should learn English well.

5.Eg2: It is time to get up.=It is time that we got up. 我们该起床了。

6.句型:主句+have/has done? + since+ 过去时间点/did.

7.   ‚= It is/has been +years/a long time/five years +since + did. 自从做某事已很久了。

8.eg:  I have worked here for 3 years since I graduated from the Chongqing Normal University.

9.   =It is/has been three years since I graduated from the Chongqing 10.自从我毕业于重庆师范大学,我在这里已经工作3年了。

11.The more..., the more... 越...就越...=if 的主将从现

12.Eg1 : The more money we earn, the happier we will be.=If we earn more money, we will be more happy.

13.我们挣得越多,我们就越开心。

14. Eg2: The thinner we are, the healthier we will be.=If we are thinner, we will be healthier.‍

 

四.If虚拟语气:

1. Eg1: If you arranged/were to arrange/should arrange an interview for me, I would appreciate you very much.

2. 如果你给我安排一次面试,我将会十分感激。

3. Eg2: If we had studied English before, we would not have been painful.

4. 如果我们以前认真学习了英语的话,现在就不会那么痛苦了。

5. Eg3: If the horse had met the Bo Le earlier (before), the horse would not have been upset.

6. 如果千里马早点遇见伯乐的话,千里马就不会悲伤了。

7. 我希望我以后会成为一名顶尖的服装设计师。

8. I wish I could become a great/top designer for clothes.

9.Itis/was +imperative/important/vital/necessary/urgent +that 主语从句(should do/ should be done表虚拟)

10. Eg: It is imperative that we should reflect ourselves every day. 我们应26. 7. Suggest/advise/insist sb+that (should do/ should be done表虚拟)

11. Eg: My good friends suggest me that I should cross in love with my girl friend.

 

五.半倒装句型:

1. Hardly/scarcely...when=so sooner than...一...就...

2. Eg: My daughter had hardly heard the music when she could not help singing.

3. =Hardly had my daughter heard the music when she could not help singing.

4. 我的女儿一听到音乐声音就情不自禁地唱歌。

5. Not only...but also...不仅...而且...

6. Eg1: I can not only write English sentences but also I can speak English. 我不仅会写英文句子而且还会说英文。

7. =Not only can I write English sentences but also I can speak English.

8. Eg2: Albee is not only a teacher but also she is a dancer.   Albee不仅是一个老师而且还是一个舞者。

9. =Not only is Albee a teacher but also she is a dancer.

10.  Only +介短/时间状从句+主句(did+主语+do).

11. Eg:Only when he comes to me can I see his face/appearance clearly.

12. 只有当他走近我的时候,我才能够看清他的模样。

13. Eg1: The price of the goods is so high that we can not receive it. 这个商品的价格是如此之高以致于我们不能接受。

14. =So high is the price of the goods that we can not receive it.

15. Eg2: He is such a good boy that we all like him. 他是那么好的一个男孩以致于我们都喜欢他。

16. =Such a good boy is he that we all like him.

17.  Not until+从句+主句(did+主语+do). 直到...时候,才...

18. Not until I come to her did I recognize her.

19. The reason why+完整句子(结果)+is/was that+完整句子(原因).     ...的原因是因为...

20. Eg: The reason why the price of product is increased is that the cost of the goods is risen up.

21. 产品价格的上涨是因为货物的成本上调了。

22.  小花,女,23岁,毕业于北京外国语言文学系,主修英语专业。

23. Xiao Hua is a girl who is 23 years old and she graduated from the Beijing Foreign Language Literature Department and She majors in English.   

24. 新世纪公司是一家中外合资企业,主要生产制造韩版服装。

25. The New Century Company is a Sino-joint venture enterprise , which mainly produces Korean clothes.                   

26. Make/find/feel + sb. / sth. + do/done/doing …

27. Have / get + sb. / sth. + do/doing/done …‍

 

六.感官动词:

(watch/see/look at/listen to/hear/notice/observe)+ sb. / sth. + doing/do/done …

1. Keep + sb. / sth. + doing/done …

2. Sb. take sth. with sb.

3. Sb. spend money/time (in) doing … / on …

4. Sth. cost sb. money

5. It takes sb. money / time + to do …

6. Sb. have (no) difficulty/trouble/problem/hard time (in) doing …

7. Have/has something/nothing to do with …

8. Have/has something/nothing/much/little in common with sb.

9. The more +(n.)+主+谓,the more + (n.)+主+谓

10. N./adj./adv. + as + 主 + 谓

11. Hardly…when…;   no sooner … than …;   scarcely…when…;  the moment/the minute/as soon as/once…

12. it is/was + 序数词、形容词的最高级 + that …(从句中用现在完成时或者过去完成时)

13. with + 主语 + done/doing/to do/adj./adv. +介词短语(独立主格结构的句型)

14. it is + 强调部分(人、事物:时间,地点)+ that/who …

15. Nothing is + 形容词比较级 + than to do …

16. Attach the importance to…; focus on…; concentrate on…;  pay attention to…

17. There is no denying that + S + V …

18. It is universally acknowledged that …

19. The reason why … is that …

20. So + adj. + be + 主语 + that … (so … that …)

21. By doing…+ S + can…

22. It is time + S + did

23. It pays to do…

24. Make efforts to do

25. Bring home to sb.

26. Be closely related to …

27. Get into (form) the habit of doing …

28. Not….until…

29. Make contribution to…

30. Devote oneself to…

31. The last thing I want to do is ….;  the last person I want to see is …

32. Can’t help doing…;  can’t wait to do…

33. Be eager for…; be dying to do…;  be long for…; be gaga for…; look forward to…

34. In order to do…;  so that…

35. It goes without saying that......


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