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干货|专升本中常见的英语词根词缀

2020-05-15 11:57:51        来源:雷老师      939

对于很多同学来说,背单词是一件特别头疼的事。前一秒背了,下一秒就忘了。这些单词看起来也差不多,但意思却差了很多。那是因为一个单词它加了词根词缀就有了不同的意思。今天,小编就来给大家科普一下,专升本中常见的英语词根词缀有哪些。

 

Prefixes: 前缀

Co- , com- , con- , col- ,cor-,         together; with

In-, im- ,il- ,ir- , dis-, un- ,           not

Macro-                          big, large

Micro-, mini-,                     small

Re-, retro-                        back, again

Pre-                             before

Super-                           above, greater than

Ante-                            before

Circum-                          around

Contra-, anti-                      against

Inter-                             between

Intro-, intra-                        within

Post-                             after

Trans-                            across

Sub- , suc-, sup-,                    under, behind

Non-,                             no, not

a-, an-                             no, without,

bene-                             well

uni-                              one

bi-                                two

tri-                               three

mis-                              wrongly, hate

mono-                            one, alone

poly-                             many

multi-                             many

syn-, sym-                         with, together

semi-                             half

ultra-                             beyond

dec-                              ten

by-                               aside, secondary

de-                               away, off

dia-                               through, across

lith-                               stone

hyper-                             above, beyond

 

 

suffixes:   后缀  

-ate                      make, cause

-en                      make, cause

-fy                      make, cause

-ize                      make, cause

-ist                       one who

-ic, -al                   relating to,

-ism, -ist                 action or practice; state or condition

-oid                     like, resembling

-able, -ible, -ble           capable of, fit for

-less                    no, not, without

-ous, -ious, -ose           full of

-er, -or, -ar               one who

-tion, -ation              condition, the act of

   

 

以上就是这些单词添加的词根词缀了,想必同学们也有所收获了吧。只要掌握了一些基本的要点,背单词就简单多了。


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